Neck torsion syndrome
I was asked to present some specific cases. I won't
have time to present all the cases I have written up for you, but
they are in the handout.
Neck torsion syndrome is particularly indicated for
Tandem Point therapy in that many muscles need to be addressed on
all sides of the neck. Such a widespread problem featuring interlocking
muscle contracture can be very difficult to address with other techniques.
I have read (but do not have the reference) that
this problem is the most common repetitive stress injury afflicting
the neck. With the widespread use of smaller and smaller cell phones,
I can only expect this problem to become even more common.
Symptoms: Loss of range of motion during rotation
of the head; pain with rotation; other pain. Sign: With the head
flexed, the C2 is rotated to the side. When caused by improper phone
use, the C2 is usually rotated away from the dominant hand.
In my practice, this sign is usually seen with patients
- held a phone between the ear and shoulder
- carried a heavy bag over one shoulder for a long period of time
- slept on their sides with too-high pillows in cold room
Standard neck torsion syndrome approach: (address those muscles
found to be in contracture) Massage both sides of the neck, seeking
muscles in contracture. Always have the patient hold any referred
pain points Always start Tandem Point therapy with contralateral
(usually right) levator scapulae plus GB 41, 42, 43, 43 ½
Ipsilateral levator scapulae plus GB 41, 42, 43, 43 ½
Ipsilateral medial scalene plus St 42, 43, 44, 44 ½
Ipsilateral anterior scalene, if necessary plus St 42, 43, 44, 44
½, Sp 4
Active stretch of the neck against resistance
Ipsilateral upper division of the trapezius plus GB 41, 42, 43 ,43
½, Bl 60
Active stretch of the neck against resistance
Ipsilateral splenius cervicis, if necessary, plus Bl 63.
Be certain that all agonist/antagonist pairs have been released.
Discuss the value of headsets and stretching with the patient.
I chose the following case because it allowed me to bring up both
neck torsion syndrome and another common pain pattern, scalene syndrome.
|| Source: Simons
DG, Travell JG, Simons LS: Travell & Simons' Myofascial Pain
and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual, Vol. 1, Second
Edition, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, p. 506. Reproduced with
the permission of Lippincott Williams
This graphic shows the pain pattern caused by trigger points in
the scalenes. Travell and Simons note that this pain pattern can
look very much like a disc or nerve problem, and often my patients
with this pain pattern have been so diagnosed. Usually, but not
always, when the scalene problem is addressed, often in one session,
the patient's arm pain disappears also, suggesting that the root
problem was the muscle, not the disc or the nerve.
Case: Female, 41, high-tech executive. On Nov. 18, 1999,
she held the handset of a phone between her ear and shoulder and
injured her neck. She suffered intermittent shooting pains down
her arm, along her triceps to the elbow and the dorsal hand. She
had numbness at the tip of her thumb and pain with head extension.
Her blood pressure was elevated. She saw her M.D. promptly, who
recommended aspirin and rest. Her M.D. ordered an X-ray but no MRI.
She was diagnosed with "pinched nerve, 4th-5th vertebra." Subsequently
she received physical therapy, which involved stretching, traction,
icing and electrical stimulation, followed by ultrasound and application
of moist heat. Chiropractic treatment also helped. She also received
massage; she had been told to get relaxation massage but what she
received was deep massage to the back of the neck and the shoulders;
this massage made her pain worse. The patient presented for Tandem
Point therapy on December 19, 1999. By that time, her shooting pain
was much less frequent. She still had neck stiffness. She still
had pain with head extension. Physical examination showed C2 rotated
left, consistent with the injury usually suffered by right-handed
people who hold a phone handset between the ear and the left shoulder.
Tandem point therapy was applied to eliminate trigger points in
contralateral levator scapulae, ipsilateral levator, L and R medial
and anterior scalenes, L SCM clavicular division. Following therapy,
all neck and arm pain was gone, and the patient had a full range
of motion. The patient still had numbness at the tip of her thump.
The patient planned to drink plenty of water and to perform stretches
per Travell and Simons. Follow-up by telephone on Feb. 27, 2000.
Since treatment, with only one exception patient has had no referred
pain, no pain with extension, and no pain with rotation. The one
exception was she had pain once when she tried to look directly
behind herself while sitting in a car. She then stretched her neck
out, and the pain went away. She stretches multiple times every
day. If she does not stretch for a while, some stiffness returns,
and then when she begins to stretch again, she feels a "popping
release" in her neck. The tip of her thumb is still numb. She does
not know if her blood pressure has returned to normal.
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